1. AI Episode 1: Intro to Artificial Intelligence in Teaching
  2. AI Episode 2: What Does An AI Teaching Assistant Look Like?
  3. AI Episode 3: Implications for Thought Leaders and Policy Developers
  4. Introducing Simulations into Teacher Preparation Programs
  5. Assistive Technology to Support Writing
  6. Enhancing Instruction and Empowering Educators with AI Tools and Technology
  7. So, AI Ruined Your Term Paper Assignment?
  8. Step by Step Use of Chat GPT
  9. CIDDL ChatGPT: Summarizing Text
  10. CIDDL ChatGPT: Solving Multiple Choice Questions
  11. Equity, Diversity, and Access to Technology in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
  12. CIDDL ChatGPT: Writing Programs
  13. CIDDL ChatGPT: Solving Word Problems
  14. Artificial Intelligence: Positives and Negatives in the Mathematics Classroom
  15. AI to Support Literacy
  16. Using the AI Bill of Rights to Guide Education’s use of AI and the European Commission’s “Ethical Guidelines for Teaching and Learning” to Guide the Future of AI in Education Part 1 of 2
  17. Using the AI Bill of Rights to Guide Education’s use of AI and the European Commission’s “Ethical Guidelines for Teaching and Learning” to Guide the Future of AI in Education Part 2 of 2
  18. Three Free & Easy Tools to Support Tiered Reading in Your Classroom
  19. The Question of Equity in the Age of ChatGPT
  20. CIDDList: 5 AIs You Need to Check Out This Summer!
  21. Mixed Reality Simulations, Personalized Learning, AI, and the Future of Education with Dr. Chris Dede
  22. Foundations for AI and the Future of Teaching and Learning from the US Department of Educational Technology
  23. Apple Enters the AR/VR/MR/XR Scene
  24. ChatGPT, AIs, and the IEP?
  25. There’s An AI for That: A Site Dedicated to Curating AIs
  26. UDL, Design Learning, and Personalized Learning
  27. Embracing the Future: How Teachers Can Harness AI at the Beginning of the School Year
  28. Empowering Special Education Faculty: Navigating the AI Landscape in Higher Education for 2023-2024.
  29. CIDDList: Back-to-School Checklist for Technology in Teacher Preparation Courses
  30. Cracking the Code: Students with Disabilities in the Computer Sciences 
  31. UNESCO Discusses Artificial Intelligence
  32. AI-integrated Apps for Those with Visual Impairments: Camera-Based Identifiers and Readers
  33. Publishers Respond to Generative AI
  34. K-12 Generative AI Readiness Checklist
  35. CIDDL Talks How AI Will Change Special Education at TED
  36. Re-designing and Aligning an Intro to Special Education Class to the UDL Framework through Technology Integration: Minimizing Threats and Distractions
  37. Resources for Learning About AI Going Into 2024
  38. Artificial Intelligence in Education 2023: A Year in Review
  39. Revolutionizing Mathematics Education in K-12 with AI: The Role of ChatGPT
  40. Image Generating AI and Implications for Teacher Preparation
  41. Are We There Yet? AI for Statistical Analysis
  42. Answers to Your AI Questions: A Conversation with Yacine Tazi
  43. Emerging Trends in Special Education Technology: A Doctoral Scholar Symposium
Many people sitting at a conference table with laptops

ChatGPT, AIs, and the IEP?

Author: Samantha Goldman; info@ciddl.org

A question that has been on a lot of our minds is “How does AI fit into the IEPs?” The conversations around accommodation, modification, cheating, or universal support are plentiful and, just like all things related to special education and IEPs, there is no “one size fits all” answer. To tackle this question, we are going to break down how one might use AI and offer various ways to classify it.

Revisiting Terms

Before diving into the subject of ChatGPT and IEPS, let's revisit some terminology to make sure we are all on the same page. When designing a lesson, we start with the goal in mind or, in the words of Dr. Shelley Moore, “Show Me the Purpose”. Once we’ve addressed this, we have to define universal supports, accommodations, and modifications. Starting broad, universal supports are things that are available to all students, regardless of disability status (or no disability). These supports take into consideration the principles of Universal Design for Learning, where lessons are designed with embedded supports so that all learners can meet the learning goal. Next, we talk about accommodations. These support the student without changing the learning goal. Modifications change the expectations, the skill, and/or the content. 

ChatGPT as a Universal Support

In a recent article published by Marino (CIDDL co-PI), Vasquez (CIDDL co-PI), Dieker, Basham (CIDDL PI), and Blackorby, they suggest that the use of AI in the classroom could resemble what happened with the calculator and computer. The challenge is the access and availability of AI. Whereas getting calculators and computers into schools was a financial and logistical challenge in addition to pedagogical, AI is already in our schools and students’ hands. 

Here are some specific examples of how AI could be leveraged as a Universal Support. As stated earlier, the learning goal needs to be the focus and we design around that.

Example

  • Learning Goal: Editing, revising, and fact-checking
  • Use of AI: Have students generate an essay using AI on a self-selected topic rather than having them write their own piece. Have them work on fact-checking, editing, and revising the output. 

Example

  • Learning goal: Learn about the Revolutionary War
  • Use of AI: All students can use any source (video, internet, books, AI) to gather information about the war. From there, everyone shares their learning in a medium that works for them (e.g. video, essay, poster, etc.)
  • The goal of the assignment for everyone is to learn about the revolutionary war. Using AI is bypassing some struggles with navigating research. However, the skills being assessed are not relative to how well someone can navigate the library. Rather, the teacher would be assessing the student’s knowledge of the war.

ChatGPT as an Accommodation

The above researchers suggest some ways AIs could be used as accommodations including providing students with assistance with note-taking, organizing and planning, and reminding them of upcoming due dates.  

Example

  • Learning Goal: Editing, revising, and fact-checking
  • Use of AI: Have only some (identified as needing extra support) students generate an essay using AI on a self-selected topic rather than having them write their own piece. Have them work on fact-checking, editing, and revising the output. 
  • The goal of the assignment (revising, editing, and fact-checking) has not changed. However, only a select few are using this support. It’s akin to only giving access to a calculator to some students to solve math problems that are not computational based (e.g., word problems, geometry problems where they have to show an understanding of formulas, etc.)

Example

  • Learning goal: Learn about the Revolutionary War
  • Use of AI: Only some students (identified as needing extra support) use the AI to generate information in list form while others are researching through books, videos, and other internet sources. The students accessing the accommodation can use AI as a jumping-off point. From there, everyone shares their learning in a medium that works for them (e.g. video, essay, poster, etc.)
  • The goal of the assignment for everyone is to learn about the revolutionary war. Using AI is bypassing some struggles with navigating research. However, the skills being assessed are not relative to how well someone can navigate the library. Rather, the teacher would be assessing the student’s knowledge of the war.

ChatGPT as a Modification

Modifications change the purpose of the assignment so that the student is no longer working towards the same goal. This means using AI changes the purpose of the assignment. So, if the purpose is to write a short story and the student has the AI do it, they are no longer meeting that goal. 

Example:

  • Learning Goal: Develop a 5-paragraph essay about the Revolutionary War
  • Use of AI: Student types prompt “write 5 paragraph essay about Revolutionary War” into ChatGPT and submits
  • The goal of the assignment for everyone is to learn about writing a 5 paragraph essay and learn about the revolutionary war. The learning goal for the student using the AI is to learn how to prompt the AI. Though this is an important and valid skill, it does not have the same goal as that of the rest of the class and is, therefore, a modification. 

Join the Conversation

What are your thoughts on the topic of AI and IEPs? We’d love to discuss this with you in our community!